- 1 What is Renaissance
- 2 Answer :
- 3 Elizabethan Festivals, Holidays, and Celebrations
What is Renaissance
The word Renaissance is an Italian word that means re-birth or regeneration or reawakening. It was a revolution reviving the spirit of Greek and Latin learning. This revival of classical knowledge is called the Renaissance. It conveys the idea that for centuries. It shows a larger change in point of view.
The Renaissance was essentially a European movement that originated in Italy and then spread gradually to other countries of western and northern Europe like Germany, France, and England. It was a glorious age in which men of genius like Shakespeare, Spenser, Bacon, Marlowe contributed a lot in English literature.
The English Renaissance has many important features. Some of the important features are—
Intellectual rebirth, thirst for knowledge, freedom of thought and action, humanism, scientific outlook, love for beauty, love for adventure, love for the remote past, the spirit of discovery, individualism, desire for unlimited wealth, earthly pomp and power and so on.
1)The most important feature of the Renaissance is intellectual rebirth or regeneration. It conveys the idea that for centuries. Europe had been dead intellectually and then by some means, had recovered life. The rebirth or regeneration came to Italy first and then to other European countries.
2)Freedom of thought and action is another important feature of the Renaissance. An awakening of the minds of men, freedom of thought, and action were the dominant passions of the Renaissance.
3)Thirst for knowledge is another important feature of the Renaissance. It was an age of great curiosity and thirst for knowledge. Man desire to know the unknown and to see the unseen.
4)Scientific Outlook: During the Renaissance period, European explorers and scientists contributed significantly to the development of inquiry.
5)Humanism is another important feature of the Renaissance. During the Elizabethan age, there was the revival of classical learning which passion became with the people. The rediscovery of Greek and Roman antiquity gave birth to a new culture and that is called Humanism.
6)Love for adventure: The age Renaissance was an age of great curiosity and love for adventure. During this age, people show their love for adventure. In the 15th century, Columbus reached America and Vasco da Gama reached India. This kind of love for adventure influences the Renaissance greatly.
7)Love for beauty is another feature of the Renaissance. Here beauty signifies the beauty of culture, the beauty of the civilized world the beauty of women, and so on. We notice this kind of love for beauty in Renaissance literature.
8)The desire for unlimited power and wealth is another important feature of the Renaissance. England’s trade and Commerce improved and the country grew rich and prosperous. Dr.Faustus by Christopher Marlowe is one of the best examples of the Renaissance play in which the hero sold his soul to Lucifer only to get earthly wealth and power.
To sum up, we can say that the Renaissance has many features. Renaissance literature reflects the Renaissance features very clearly.
Elizabethan Festivals, Holidays, and Celebrations
During the Elizabethan era, the years were broken up by annual holidays just as they are in the present age. People looked forward to every holiday because their opportunities for leisure were limited. Time away from hard work was restricted to periods after church on Sundays, and so for the most part, leisure and festivities took place on a public church holy day. Every month had its holiday, some of which are listed below:
January: The first Monday of the second week (any time between seventh and 14th) of January was Plough Monday. It celebrated returning to work after the Christmas celebrations and the New Year.
February: February second was Candlemas. This was the day when all Christmas decorations were burnt. It included candlelight and torchlight processions. February 14th was Valentine’s Day. Sending gifts to one another was a Pagan tradition that was still carried on under a Christian guise.
March: Sometime between the third and ninth of March was Shrove Tuesday. This was apprentices’ favorite holiday, because they were allowed to run amok in the city in mobs, wreaking havoc and general mayhem. This was acceptable because it was supposedly cleansing the city of its vices before Lent. All the foods which would be forbidden during Lent were eaten up. They would also tie a cockerel to a stack and stone it to death, simply because the cockerel was the symbol of France. The day after Shrove Tuesday was Ash Wednesday. This was the first day of Lent when everyone began to abstain from eating certain foods, such as meat. A Jack-o-lent was set up in each city, a sort of scarecrow on which one could take out one’s annoyance at being deprived of certain foods.
April: The first of April was All Fool’s Day. This was a day for tricks, jests, jokes, and a general day of the jester.
May: The first day of May was May Day. This was a big and much-appreciated festival. It was one of the few Pagan festivals that had nothing to do with the Church. It was celebrated by sending the youth into the woods for a nighttime party. They did not return until the next morning, bringing with them a large tree trunk, which was put up as the phallic “maypole.” The maypole was decorated and then feasting, dancing, and games took place around it.
June: On the 21st of June the people celebrated the summer solstice. This involved a large bonfire, and people celebrated the longest day and shortest night of the year. Mummers told stories and performed plays.
July: St. Swithin’s Day was celebrated on the 15th of July. This was a very minor celebration, honoring the legend that after the ceremony of moving St. Swithin’s bones, it rained for 40 days.
August: On the first of August, Lammastide, or Lammas Day, perhaps derived from “loof-mas,” was the festival of the first wheat harvest of the year. People decorated horses with garlands played games like apple-bobbing and had processions of candles.
September: The 29th of September was Michaelmas. This celebrated St. Michael with a traditional feast of goose or chicken.
October: The 25th of October was St. Crispin’s Day. Bonfires, revels, and an elected “King Crispin” were all featured in this celebration. St. Crispin’s Day is noted in William Shakespeare‘s play King Henry V, when the king gives a famous speech to encourage his men when they are heavily outnumbered in battle, saying that they will all be remembered on St. Crispin’s day. On the 28th was the Lord Mayor’s Show, which still takes place today in London. The 31st of October was Hallowmas of Halloween (All-hallow’s Eve). This was a Celtic festival celebrating the end of the Celtic year. The souls of the dead supposedly returned to walk the earth. Various masks were worn and bonfires lit to ward off evil spirits.
November: The day after Halloween, November first, was All Soul’s Day. This was a Christian holiday, and also involved bonfires. The 17th of November was the anniversary of Queen Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne, celebrated even one hundred years after the Queen’s death.
December: The biggest and perhaps most loved festival of all was an entire 12 days long. The Christmas season, the 12 days of Christmas, started on the 24th of December, Christmas Eve, and lasted until Epiphany on the sixth of January. A Lord of Misrule was selected, and he selected a council to help him. All together communities planned the parties and managed merrymaking. A King of the Bean was sometimes selected, by cooking a bean into a cake, and the finder of the bean became the king. A pea might also be cooked in, and a Queen of the Pea chosen as well, both regardless of gender. Carolers would set out to sing for money, and mummers came out to perform. Youths might run around with a wooden cup or bowl, asking the householders to fill it with ale, a coin, or some food for them: it was considered bad luck to refuse.
Other youths might set out with a large bowl of spiced ale with roasted apples, offering the lord of the house a drink of the cider for a coin. Much begging was carried on during the season, and generosity was expected. The lords were expected to fill their houses with as much food as they could. Marchpane, or marzipan, was exceptionally popular. A yule log, a large portion of tree trunk expected to burn throughout the season, was brought in. All greenery, most notably holly and ivy was used. Gifts were presented at New Year instead of Christmas Day. The largest party was held by the Lord of Misrule on Epiphany and thus ended the Christmas season.
Answer: The meaning of Renaissance is rebirth. It is a French word. It gave a new dimension to art and culture and created awareness among the people. It started from Italy.What do you mean by Renaissance? ›
Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom.What do you mean by Renaissance enumerate and discuss the characteristics of the European Renaissance? ›
The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the Middle Ages. Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art.What are the 4 characteristics of the Renaissance? ›
The characteristics of the Renaissance included a revitalized interest in classical Greek and Roman thought, an increased receptiveness to humanist philosophies, a commercial and urban revolution, and the inception of the modern state.What is Renaissance and its main characteristics? ›
Characteristics of the Renaissance include a renewed interest in classical antiquity; a rise in humanist philosophy (a belief in self, human worth, and individual dignity); and radical changes in ideas about religion, politics, and science.What are the main characteristics of Renaissance art? ›
Renaissance art is marked by a gradual shift from the abstract forms of the medieval period to the representational forms of the 15th century. Subjects grew from mostly biblical scenes to include portraits, episodes from Classical religion, and events from contemporary life.What is Renaissance class 11? ›
Renaissance is the French word 'rebirth'. The Renaissance was a period in European history which led to a revival in classical learning and wisdom.What is the meaning of Renaissance in a sentence? ›
a new growth of activity or interest in something, especially art, literature, or music: Opera is enjoying a long-awaited renaissance.Why is the Renaissance important? ›
What made the Renaissance Period so significant? The Renaissance period cultivated a new change in art, knowledge, and culture. It changed the way the citizens thought, with first the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature, and art, as well as the new discoveries in travel, invention, and style.What characterized the Renaissance period? ›
Renaissance is a French term meaning "rebirth." The period is characterized by a rebirth among English elite of classical learning, a rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman authors, and a recovery of the ancient Greek spirit of scientific inquiry.
Certain trademark components of Renaissance painting styles developed during the period. These include linear perspective, realism, and nature.What were the main cause of Renaissance? ›
In conclusion, historians have identified several causes of the Renaissance in Europe, including: increased interaction between different cultures, the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts, the emergence of humanism, different artistic and technological innovations, and the impacts of conflict and death.What are the characteristics of the High Renaissance? ›
The High Renaissance of painting was the culmination of the varied means of expression and various advances in painting technique, such as linear perspective, the realistic depiction of both physical and psychological features, and the manipulation of light and darkness, including tone contrast, sfumato (softening the ...What are the characteristics of Renaissance sculpture? ›
An equally important feature of Renaissance art was its naturalism. In sculpture, this was evident in the increase of contemporary subjects, together with a more naturalistic handling of proportions, drapery, anatomy, and perspective. A third feature was the reemergence of classical subjects and forms.What is the meaning of Renaissance art? ›
French word meaning rebirth, now used in English to describe the great revival of art that took place in Italy from about 1400 under the influence of the rediscovery of classical art and culture.What is Renaissance class 11th history? ›
Renaissance meant revival of the ancient Greek and Latin culture. It first began in Italy, followed by Rome, Venice and Florence. The term 'Renaissance Man' is often used to describe a person with many interests and skills, because many of the individuals who became well known at this time were people of many parts.What are the three characteristics of Renaissance art? ›
Certain trademark components of Renaissance painting styles developed during the period. These include linear perspective, realism, and nature.What do you mean by Renaissance Upsc? ›
The term Renaissance means “revival” or “rebirth”. It also denotes to the noteworthy modifications that took place in Europe during the transition period between the medieval and modern. Growth of science, art, architecture, sculpture, painting, literature, geography and religion were seen in this period.